Care Quality Commission – regulating health and social care

The Care Quality Commission has improved as an organisation, but now needs to overcome some persistent issues with the timeliness of some of its regulation activities if it is to sustain further improvement, the National Audit Office has found.


Care Quality Commission – regulating health and social care

The report found that the Commission has completed its inspection and rating programme comprising more than 28,000 provider locations, which provides a benchmark of the quality of health and social care services. It has significantly reduced staff vacancies and is increasing its focus on cost savings. In addition, the Commission has improved how it measures its performance, and takes action to correct poor performance.

Inspection staff, however, highlighted concerns to the NAO about how well the broader information systems currently supported them. The NAO also found that Commission does not meet its timeliness targets for some of its regulation activities, such as registration and publication of inspection reports. 

According to the NAO, while most providers and inspectors think that the Commission's judgements are fair, stakeholders have concerns about consistency. The Commission is seeking to address consistency issues through its quality assurance processes and training.

The Commission is taking more enforcement action when care falls below fundamental standards, and there is evidence that it influences providers to improve quality, with most of the providers rated either inadequate or requires improvement having improved their rating on re-inspection. The number of completed enforcement actions increased over 2015-16 and 2016-17, while the number of providers entering special measures remained steady. The Commission links the increase with a focus on improving its inspectors' skills and knowledge about enforcement. Poor recording, however, means the Commission cannot be assured that enforcement action is always completed.

The Commission made progress in implementing its new strategy during 2016-17 although it missed early milestones on rolling out use of resources assessments and designing its approach to the next phase of inspection. It is preparing for new ways that care might be delivered and is already responding to changes such as online primary medical services. 

According to the NAO, the Commission’s ambition to base more of its regulatory activities on intelligence and risk based information introduces significant challenges. These must be carefully managed, and supported by digital systems and capabilities if it is to minimise the risk of missing poor care. In addition, the Department and the Commission must also be realistic about its capacity to take on new responsibilities in this period of change.

Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, said:

“The Commission has improved as an organisation. Value for money is getting better and the Commission can secure further improvement, if it continues its current direction of travel.

“Its main challenge now is to develop its digital systems and capabilities to support its move to a more intelligence driven and risk based approach to regulation.”

Key facts


the Commission's operational expenditure in 2016-17



reduction in the Commission's funding between 2015-16 and 2019-20



number of active provider locations regulated by the Commission as at June 2017


January 2017

date at which the Care Quality Commission (the Commission) completed its inspection and rating programme of hospitals, adult social care providers and GP practices


proportion of all providers (hospitals, adult social care providers and primary medical services providers) with a ‘good’ or ‘outstanding’ rating as at quarter one 2017-18


proportion of the Commission's funding that came from provider fees in 2016-17


number of enforcement actions that the Commission took during 2016-17

£13 million

reduction in the Commission's spending in 2016-17 compared with 2015-16


vacancy rate for inspectors as at the end of June 2017


Source: NAO



Care Quality Commission – regulating health and social care

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